At Seafood Watch, we use all available scientifically reliable data sources to compile our science reports. The following organizations provide information regarding fisheries management in the U.S. and internationally.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

The United Nations FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department website provides data and statistics regarding wild capture fisheries and worldwide trade. The FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries promotes long-term sustainable fisheries. FAO International Plans of Action (IPOA) promote protection of marine resources: sharks, seabirds, fishing capacity and IUU fishing (illegal, unreported and unregulated). A number of UN member countries have also published a National Plan of Action (NPOA) in support of the International Plans.

Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA)

MSA is the primary law governing U.S. marine fisheries management in federal waters.

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)

NMFS is a department within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) focused on U.S. fisheries management and regulations.

Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMO)

RFMOs are responsible for managing fish stocks on the high seas and fish stocks which migrate through the waters of more than just a single State.


Tuna RFMOs are intergovernmental organizations that carry out data collection, scientific monitoring and management of tuna and tuna-like resources.

United Nations: Oceans and Law of the Sea

The UN website provides information about international treaties, resolutions and agreements regarding fisheries management by countries which are members of the United Nations.