Shrimp is the most widely consumed seafood item in the U.S. — Americans eat nearly 4.5 pounds a year. Globally, nearly 9 million metric tons of shrimp are harvested each year and nearly two-thirds of it is farmed. Unfortunately, 59 percent of farmed shrimp is rated Avoid by Seafood Watch due to the environmental impact of the aquaculture methods used. Improving the sustainability of shrimp farming has the potential to significantly improve ocean health.
India is the fourth largest producer of whiteleg shrimp globally and accounts for 41 percent of all shrimp imported to the U.S. in 2017. Challenges to sustainability include chemical use and the management of a rapidly growing industry.
Vietnam is the largest producer of black tiger shrimp in the world and accounts for 8 percent of total U.S. shrimp imports. The industry struggles with issues of chemical use, habitat protection and lack of data.