Seafood Watch - Seafood Guide

Mussels

© Monterey Bay Aquarium
SEAFOODRATINGMARKET NAMESLOCATION/CERTIFICATIONHOW CAUGHT/FARMED
Mussels Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Blue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Worldwide Farmed
Mussels Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. B lue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Marine Stewardship Council Certified Wild
Mussels Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Blue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Aquaculture Stewardship Council Certified Farmed
Mussels Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Blue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Naturland Certified Farmed
Mussels Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Blue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Canadian Organic Certified Farmed
Mussels Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Blue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Friends of the Sea Certified Farmed
Mussels Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Blue, Black & Green Mussels, Muurugai Global Aquaculture Alliance BAP Certified Farmed


Mussels, Farmed, Worldwide

Farmed mussels are a "Best Choice" because they are farmed in an environmentally responsible way.

Consumer Note

Farmed mussels are available year-round, but fresh mussels may be limited in specific regions for food safety reasons. Mussels are served cooked in or out of the shell, but are also available smoked and canned, or frozen. Mussels are known as muurugai when prepared for sushi.

Summary

Mussels are cultured throughout most of the world and make up approximately 90 percent of the world consumption. The major producers are China, Spain, Italy, Thailand, France and New Zealand. The U.S. imports most of its mussels from developed nations with stringent environmental regulations.

As with related species - scallops, oysters and clams - farming methods for mussels are environmentally sound. Mussels do not rely on fishmeal or fish oil as part of their diet. Diseases are rare, so antibiotics and chemicals aren't necessary, and the farming operation often benefits the surrounding marine habitat.

Mussels are typically grown suspended in mid-water, not on the seafloor. This method is preferred over growing them "on-bottom" as dredging to collect the shellfish can temporarily damage seafloor habitat.


Scientific Reports About Our Ratings
Seafood Watch Card Print a pocket-size Seafood Watch guide to take with you.
Mobile phone users log on to mobile.seafoodwatch.org.

iPhone® and iPod touch® users, you can get the most up-to-date Seafood Watch recommendations on your iPhone or iPod touch.

How fish are caught or farmed makes a difference. Fishing boat