Seafood Watch - Seafood Guide

Salmon, Coho

© Monterey Bay Aquarium
SEAFOODRATINGMARKET NAMESLOCATION/CERTIFICATIONHOW CAUGHT/FARMED
Salmon Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Chinook, Coho, Chum, Keta, King, Pink, Red, Silver & Sockeye Salmon, Sake Alaska Drift Gillnet, Purse Seine, Troll
Salmon Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Chinook, Coho, Chum, Keta, King, Pink, Red, Silver & Sockeye Salmon, Sake California, Oregon, Washington Drift Gillnet, Purse Seine, Troll
Salmon Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Pink & Sockeye Salmon Fraser River, Washington Reefnet
Salmon Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Sockeye Salmon Fraser River (early Summer-run), Washington Reefnet
Salmon Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Chum, Pink, Chinook, Coho & Sockeye Salmon, Sake Marine Stewardship Council Certified Wild
Salmon Roe Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Ikura Alaska Drift Gillnet, Purse Seine, Troll
Salmon, Atlantic Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Farmed Salmon, Sake Worldwide Farmed
Salmon, Atlantic: Verlasso (R) Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Verlasso (R) Chile Farmed
Salmon, Coho Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Sake, Silver Salmon Canadian Pacific Wild
Salmon, Coho Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Sake, Silver Salmon U.S. Farmed in Tank Systems


Coho Salmon, Wild, Canadian Pacific

Many populations of Pacific salmon have declined dramatically. Though many fisheries catch fish from endangered, threatened or depleted populations, the Candian Pacific coho fishery has reduced impacts on these vulnerable populations.

Consumer Note

Buyer beware! Different species of salmon are sold under many names - and several are available from farmed and wild sources. Use our recommendations to find the "Best Choices." Salmon is known as sake when prepared for sushi.

Summary

Salmon populations have declined dramatically due to habitat loss, climatic shifts, historic overfishing and other factors. Salmon are born in freshwater and then migrate to the ocean where they grow and mature before returning to their birthplace to spawn. When freshwater rivers and streams are damaged or destroyed through dam construction, water diversions, deforestation and urban development, salmon are impacted.

Many populations of wild salmon in the Pacific Northwest are endangered, threatened or depleted. Salmon from these populations mix with salmon from more abundant populations in the ocean, making it difficult for fisheries to target only the healthy salmon. However, the coho fishery in the Canadian Pacific takes action to limit its catch of endangered, threatened or depleted populations.

Coho salmon from the Canadian Pacific is a "Good Alternative."


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How fish are caught or farmed makes a difference. Fishing boat