Seafood Watch - Seafood Guide

Grouper, Gag, Snowy, Warsaw, Yellowedge

© Diane Rome Peebles
SEAFOODRATINGMARKET NAMESLOCATION/CERTIFICATIONHOW CAUGHT/FARMED
Grouper Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Mero, Sea Bass U.S. Atlantic Wild
Grouper, Black, Red Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Mero, Sea Bass U.S. Gulf of Mexico Wild
Grouper, Gag, Snowy, Warsaw, Yellowedge Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Mero, Sea Bass U.S. Gulf of Mexico Wild
Grouper, Hawaiian Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Hapu'u, Mero, Sea Bass Hawaii Handline


Grouper, Wild, U.S. Atlantic or U.S. Gulf of Mexico

Many grouper populations have been overfished or have unknown status. However, strict management is helping populations recover. Red grouper and black grouper, both U.S.-caught in the Gulf of Mexico, are "Good Alternatives."

Consumer Note

Grouper is available fresh or frozen year-round.

Health Alert

Environmental Defense Fund has issued a consumption advisory for grouper from the U.S. Atlantic and U.S. Gulf of Mexico due to high levels of mercury.

Summary

There are more than 85 species of grouper worldwide. They're long-lived (up to 40 years) and reproduce for only short periods, making them especially vulnerable to overfishing. Many grouper species are overfished.

The U.S. grouper fishery is concentrated in the Gulf of Mexico, just west of Florida state waters. Accidental bycatch often includes juvenile groupers and other grouper species that are protected by law. However, in the Gulf of Mexico, red grouper and black grouper populations have increased. Also, strict management in this area is helping reduce catch of depleted gag grouper, helping those populations recover.

Red and black grouper from the U.S. Gulf of Mexico are "Good Alternatives." Other grouper species from the Gulf of Mexico as well as grouper from the U.S. Atlantic are on the "Avoid" list.


Recipe Alternatives
U.S. caught mahi mahi and striped bass are "Best Choices."

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How fish are caught or farmed makes a difference. Fishing boat