Seafood Watch - Seafood Guide

Cod, Pacific

© B. Guild Gillespie/www.chartingnature.com
SEAFOODRATINGMARKET NAMESLOCATION/CERTIFICATIONHOW CAUGHT/FARMED
Cod Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Cod Marine Stewardship Council Certified Wild
Cod, Atlantic Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Scrod, Whitefish Iceland, Northeast Arctic (by Norway, Russia) Handline
Cod, Atlantic Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Scrod, Whitefish Iceland, Northeast Arctic (by Norway, Russia) Bottom Gillnet, Bottom Longline, Bottom Trawl, Danish Seine
Cod, Atlantic Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Scrod, Whitefish Canadian Atlantic Bottom Trawl
Cod, Atlantic Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Scrod, Whitefish U.S. Georges Bank Handline
Cod, Atlantic Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Scrod, Whitefish U.S. Georges Bank Gillnet, Longline and Trawl
Cod, Atlantic Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Scrod, Whitefish U.S. Gulf of Maine Wild
Cod, Atlantic Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Scrod, Whitefish Canadian Georges Bank Wild
Cod, Atlantic Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Scrod, Whitefish Canada (excluding Georges Bank) Handline
Cod, Pacific Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Alaska, Gray & True Cod U.S. Trawl
Cod, Pacific Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Alaska, Gray & True Cod U.S. Bottom Longline, Handline, Trap
Cod, Pacific Avoid: Avoid these products for now. These fish come from sources that are overfished or fished or farmed in ways that harm the environment. Alaska, Gray & True Cod Russian and Japanese Pacific Wild
Whiting Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Cod Marine Stewardship Council Certified Wild


Pacific Cod, Wild, Japanese Pacific & Russian Pacific

Due to poor or unknown population status and ineffective management, Pacific cod imported from Japan and the Russian Federation gets an "Avoid" ranking.

Summary

Pacific cod is found throughout the North Pacific and its bordering waters.

The U.S. has its own Pacific cod fishery, and also imports product from Japan and the Russian Federation. These fisheries use bottom longlines, bottom-set gillnets (which have high bycatch), bottom seines and bottom trawls (which cause severe seafloor habitat damage and result in bycatch).

Management in these fisheries is ineffective, as indicated by the lack of population data. The only known assessment is for a single population in Japan and the data suggest that it has been overfished in the past and that overfishing is likely occurring.

In addition to the missing population assessments, the Japanese fishery has failed to implement bycatch reduction measures.

In the Russian Federation, a general lack of management combined with documented illegal fishing results in Russian management being a serious conservation concern.

At this time, consumers should "Avoid" Pacific cod imported from Japan and the Russian Federation. Look for U.S.-caught as a "Best Choice."


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How fish are caught or farmed makes a difference. Fishing boat