Seafood Watch - Seafood Guide

Croaker, Atlantic

© Diane Rome Peebles
Croaker, Atlantic Best Choice: These fish are abundant, well managed and fished or farmed in environmentally friendly ways. Corbina, Corvina, Crocus, Grumbler, Hardhead U.S. Atlantic Seine Net
Croaker, Atlantic Good Alternative: These are good alternatives to the best choices column. There are some concerns with how they are fished or farmed – or with the health of their habitats due to other human impacts. Corbina, Corvina, Crocus, Grumbler, Hardhead U.S. Atlantic Gillnet, Pound net, Trawl

Atlantic Croaker, Seine Net, U.S. Atlantic

Atlantic croaker populations are healthy, and the seine net fishery results in very little bycatch, making this fishery a "Best Choice."

Consumer Note

Atlantic croaker has a variety of common names including corbina, corvina, croaker, crocus, grumbler, hardhead, King Billy and roncadina. Atlantic croaker are available as whole fish, either fresh or frozen, and is processed into cat food, crab bait, and surimi, a fish paste often used to make imitation crab meat.


Atlantic croaker are common in estuarine and coastal waters from New Jersey to Florida. They are known for making a croaking sound which can be used for reproduction, as a disturbance call, or for other reasons yet undetermined. The croaker population size is at a healthy level and fishing is at sustainable levels.

The seine net fishery has minimal bycatch and does not impact protected species, making it a "Best Choice." In contrast, the fisheries for croaker using gillnet, trawl and pound net result in bycatch of various protected species, which is the primary reason the non-seine croaker fisheries are ranked as"Good Alternatives."

Scientific Reports About Our Ratings
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How fish are caught or farmed makes a difference. Fishing boat